Overview[ edit ] Josiah Strong was one of the founders of the Social Gospel movement that sought to apply Protestant religious principles to solve the social ills brought on by industrialization, urbanization and immigration. He served as General Secretary — of the Evangelical Alliance for the United States, a coalition of Protestant missionary groups. After being forced out he set up his own group, the League for Social Service —and edited its magazine The Gospel of the Kingdom. Strong, like most other leaders of the Social Gospel movement, added strong evangelical roots, including a belief in sin and redemption.
Berge Eastern Kentucky University Expansion was not a new theme in the history of the United States, but by the last decade of the nineteenth century its character had changed considerably.
Prior to this time there had been a strong belief that the United States had as its destiny the spreading of its people from Canada to Mexico.
As great as was enthusiasm for expansion, there was never any serious feeling that Americans should spread the wings of "their glorious eagle" over other lands. This self-imposed restriction slowly relaxed as the years passed. Contemporaneous with this feeling of aloofness from world affairs and the complete absorption in domestic post-Civil War commercial Josiah strong our country industrial expansion, there slowly evolved a feeling of world-destiny and "jingoism" which had as its basis a desire for the United States to assume its rightful place as a world power.
In the vanguard of this movement were such men as James C.
Why did this movement find a rather receptive and significant audience in the 's when just a few years earlier expansionistic schemes were received with indifference in the United States?
While it is true, as the historian Julius Pratt said inthat American imperialism did not clearly dominate the scene until "its surprising triumph in the ratification of the treaty with Spain in February, ,"1 it cannot be denied that the voices raised for expansion were a significant force as early as Many influences probably helped to foster this change in attitude by the American public.
It could well be that the newly implemented colonial activity of Germany and the pleas voiced by American missionaries for the government to protect them and support their work served as important catalysts.
The desire to spread democracy which by this time appeared to have proved its worth coupled with an intense national pride and a "sense of the white man's burden" are further possibilities. In addition, it could have been the less altruistic impulses given by a "desire for economic gain" and sheer love of power.
According to Dexter Perkins, expansion found eloquent spokesmen in all fields. The significance of this movement became apparent to Americans with the fall of Manila on August 13, The "Stars and Stripes" was now symbolic of a Pacific power, if not a world power.
The acquisition of the Philippines provided the United States with territory that did not come under the purifying influence of the Teller Amendment.
In the following enlightened, if somewhat cynical, statement appeared in the Nation: Nations trespass against nations without alleged warrant. Then come the apologists with abundant political and moral arguments for the deed: Thus, Imperialism, from gross aggression, becomes a high political expediency or moral duty.
The Reverend William S.
Rainsford, Rector of St. America is being used to carry on the work of God in this war, which no politician could create, control, or gainsay. I do not believe that there ever was a war more righteous than that which we have undertaken, nor one closer to the law of the self-sacrificing Christ that we bear one another's burdens.
If there ever was a war simply for the sake of humanity with no desire or purpose of national greed of any sort, it is the one that now is upon us, calling our soldiers and the navy to arms. Strong's significance lies in his countless publications which by included six of his eleven books, numerous articles and addresses, and his editorial activity with The Kingdom and Social Servicehis extraordinary ability as a propagandist, and the position of importance which lie commanded in the eyes of his contemporaries as the Secretary of the Evangelical Alliance for the United States.
One of the most important aspects of Strong's best known book, Our Country, was that he recognized the destiny of the United States on the North American continent. To this he added a doctrine of world mission, which he closely intertwined with a theory of race supremacy. Would they recognize his significance?
In AugustRoosevelt gave Strong a letter of introduction to the naval officer. The importance of this introduction is reflected in Strong's statement of Septemberfrom the preface of Expansion: I desire also to acknowledge the courtesy of Captain A.
Mahan, the eminent writer on naval subjects, who read several chapters of the book which traverse the field which he is acknowledged to be the highest authority, and who was so good as to give me the benefit of his valuable criticism.
The spark which set off the flame of imperialism appeared in the form of the Spanish-American War. Obviously, this war could not appear to be a war for national aggrandizement, or the forces favoring expansion would suffer an irrevocable setback.
Christian people should combat selfishness in nations as well as in individuals. The motive behind the use of force was the criterion with which to judge the action.
The religious sanction for the war with Spain, which came from the Protestant clergy.
In Strong could see a challenge and duty for American missionaries in "Cuba and Porto [sic] Rico" since a "corrupt Christianity" had left them "practically reIisiousless. The New World Religion, his final book. Strong stated that many undesirable characteristics of the "so-called Latin races.
Strong maintained that the exhaustion of unsettled arable lands in the temperate zones was a major cause for the shift of attention to the tropics.
The time is likely to come, lie said, when the greatest hues of commerce "will run between the North and the South. He called upon the United States to maintain order in Latin America.Dec 07, · ch18_a3_d2.
Josiah Strong, from. Our Country () Every race which has deeply impressed itself on the human family has been the. representative of some great idea-one or more-which had given direction to the nation’s.
Josiah Strong: Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis. Josiah Strong was a Protestant clergyman who had a tremendous impact on society in America in the late 19th and early 20th.
In his book, Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, Josiah Strong championed American missionary expansionism by arguing that God had "divinely commissioned" the United States to spread democracy, and "to civilize and Christianize" Central and South America, Africa, and beyond.
Josiah Strong (April 14, – June 26, ) was an American Protestant clergyman, organizer, editor and author.
He was a leader of the Social Gospel movement, . Josiah Strong (–) was a clergyman and writer who preached of the saving power of Protestant religious values. He's best known for his book, Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, in which he urged Anglo-Saxons to "civilize and Christianize" the American West.
Josiah Strong (April 14, – June 26, ) was an American Protestant clergyman, organizer, editor and author. He was a leader of the Social Gospel movement, calling for social justice and combating social evils. He supported missionary work so that all races could be improved and uplifted and thereby brought to Christ.