Anika Koenig Sociologus, Volume 65, Issue 1, p. We understand technology as a device which assists the making of kinship that is situated in political, legal, and affective spheres and which therefore should be understood in a much broader way than just referring to the biotechnological manipulation of body substances. The term assisted reproductive technologies ARTs refers to the tech- nological means of manipulating gametes in order to conceive a child.
Sexual Taboos[ edit ] Taboos are actions that are looked down on from the society as a whole.
They are often deemed as inappropriate or illegal especially when regarding sexual behavior. They are the ideals in a culture that are seen as inappropriate such as incest, bestiality, necrophilia, pedophilia, and voyeurism. Statutory rape laws also exist where the government has stepped in and enforced norms on society.
Incest is considered a taboo in many Western societies, and often cited on the grounds that it can create genetic disorders, via interbreeding.
However, this isn't entirely true and is widely circulated to be true even among scientific communities because of the strong taboo against incest relationships.
Historically speaking, the same western society which now shames incest marriage and sexual relations has a strong past of cousin marriage to keep lineages "pure" and preserve royal blood.
But if a genetic mutation occurs within a population, inbreeding will tend to promote that mutation to become more widely distributed. Incest is perhaps the most culturally universal taboo. However, different norms exist among cultures as to what constitutes as a permissible sex partner or not.
Parent-child and sibling-sibling unions are almost universally taboo. Much issue arises with the concept of incest due to the high rate of deformities in children as a result of incest, resulting from the combination of very similar genome in the child.
In Islam, according to the actions of Prophet Muhammad, marriage between cousins is explicitly allowed and even encouraged in Islam. Even the Arabic culture support this because the family's last name is favored and valued due to tribal history and upbringing similarities. Marrying in the family cousins is considered pure blood.
Reproducing the Future: Anthropology, Kinship, and the New Reproductive Technologies [Marilyn Strathern] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This volume marks an epoch of sorts. The essays belong to, and the majority were written during, the time when the Bill for the Human Fertilization and Embryology Act () . The history of eugenics is the study of development and advocacy of ideas related to eugenics around the world. Early eugenic ideas were discussed in Ancient Greece and Rome. The height of the modern eugenics movement came in the late 19th and early 20th century. Goldsmiths, University of London is in South East London. We offer undergraduate and postgraduate degrees as well as teacher training (PGCE), Study Abroad and short courses.
Nudity[ edit ] Nudity is defined as the state of wearing no clothing. The wearing of clothing is a predominantly human characteristic, likely arising from the functional needs such as climate protection but also from other needs such as decoration or prestige.
The amount of clothing worn depends on both functional and cultural circumstances. Social considerations involve modesty, decency, and social norms. In the current day, to most societies and cultures associate human nudity with sexuality.
Historically though, nudity has been practiced in many cultures without association with sexuality including the Egyptians, Romans, and many hunter-gatherer cultures in warm climates. Reproduction[ edit ] Reproduction is a basic function of every organism on Earth and passes on the building blocks of life from one generation to another.Get this from a library!
Reproducing the future: essays on anthropology, kinship and the new reproductive technologies. [Marilyn Strathern]. - Reproducing The Future Anthropology Kinship And The New Reproductive Technologies Jstor viewing subject anthropology jstor is a digital library. New York and London: New York University Press.
Google Scholar STRATHERN, M () Reproducing the Future: Anthropology, Kinship and the New Reproductive Technologies. Kinship unit of mother, father, children--often assumed in Western culture, but actually just Euro-American ideal--kinship groups come in many groups/sizes New reproductive technologies that are shifting typical family.
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xxviii-xliv barnweddingvt.com Gender, kinship and assisted reproductive technologies: future directions after 30 years of research * Jérôme Courduriès.